State of the Art: Precision Nutrition in Preterm Infants

Unique from term infants, preterm infants’ enteral nutrition is not self-regulated. Feeding occurs according to a timed schedule with nutrient intake and feeding volume determined by the neonatal staff, while baby is required to metabolize what is fed. Christoph Fusch, MD, PhD, discusses evidence that reveals how to measure and strategically determine micro- and macronutrient needs for preterm neonates. He reviews the impact of balanced nutrient intake and nutritional research studies in preterm infants on clinical outcomes, as well as the significance of applying postnatal growth trajectories and optimal nutrition needs of preterm infants. Although the gold standard, mother’s breast milk can vary, and may not provide adequate nutrients for essential growth and neurodevelopment needed in preterm infants. Precision nutrition allows the neonatal staff to adjust nutritional content—including the appropriate amount of proteins, carbohydrates, and fat to result in optimal growth and development—according to individual preterm needs.

Trending Now

An Overview of Food Allergies in Children

Stanley A. Cohen, MD

Clinical Recommendations for Reducing and Preventing Food Allergies

Marion Groetch, MS, RDN
Hugh A. Sampson, MD, FAAAAI

Diagnosing Food Allergies in Infants and Children

Jonathan Spergel, MD, PhD

Encephalopathy of Prematurity

Terrie E. Inder, MD, MBChB

Individualized Fortification of Breast Milk for Preterm Infants

Christoph Fusch, MD, PhD, FRCPC

Neonatal Hyperglycemia in the ELBW Infant

Paul J. Rozance, MD

Neonatal Hypoglycemia

Paul J. Rozance, MD

Sign up!

Free CE/CME courses

Downloadable resources

Online CE/CME certificates

Organize group viewing events

Evidence-based content

Partner Program:

Understanding Pediatric Feeding Disorder

Join Feeding Matters for the interactive workshop “Understanding Pediatric feeding disorder: A Case-based approach” presented by authors of the field-leading consensus paper published in January’s Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.