COVID-19 in Infants and Children: Lessons From Italy

You must be signed in to view this CME course.

The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented challenge for all health care systems worldwide.  The experience of NICU and pediatric clinicians in Italy, one of the countries hardest hit by the pandemic, can provide valuable insight for hospitals and clinicians.

Dr. Paolo Manzoni shares his perspectives and research for COVID-19 in infants and children comparing latest data and studies in China, Italy, and the United States. For newborns, data show there is no vertical transmission to date. Neonates, however, can experience mild-to-moderate forms of the disease. Dr. Manzoni further discusses the peculiar presentations in children, including gastrointestinal and peripheral vasculitis. While current data suggest children may be less severely affected and may experience different symptoms than adults, it is vital to understand the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 pediatric cases, because less seriously ill and asymptomatic children may be carriers of the virus.

Course Credit:

1.00 AANP Contact Hour
1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM
1.00 ANCC Contact Hour
1.00 CA-BRN Contact Hour
1.00 CDR Contact Hour


Opens: 2020-05-07
Closes: 2022-05-07

Target Audience:

This activity was developed for neonatologists, pediatric physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, dietitians, and other health care providers who have an interest in newborns, infants and toddlers

This activity is supported by an educational grant from Mead Johnson Nutrition.
  • Paolo Manzoni, MD, PhD

    Division of Pediatrics and Neonatology
    Department of Maternal-Infant Medicine
    Nuovo Ospedale degli Infermi
    Ponderano (Biella), Italy

    Board of Directors
    Neonatal Infectious Disease Group of the Italian Society of Neonatology

Learning Objectives

  • Recognize symptoms of COVID-19 in pediatric and neonatal patients
  • Review practical approaches for perinatal care, as well as delivery room and NICU procedures suggested during the COVID-19 pandemic

Faculty Disclosures

Paolo Manzoni, MD, PhD

  • Speakers Bureau
    • Sodilac – Clinical area: Lactoferrin use in infants
    • Mead Johnson Nutrition – Clinical area: Infant Nutrition

Accreditation and Certification

The Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower designates this activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

The American Medical Association has an agreement of mutual recognition of Continuing Medical Education (CME) credits with the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS), the accreditation body for European countries.Physicians interested in converting AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ to UEMS-European Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education CME credits (ECMEC®s) should contact the UEMS at

The Annenberg Center for Health Sciences is accredited by the American Association of Nurse Practitioners as an approved provider of nurse practitioner continuing education. Provider number: 040207.
This program is designated for up to 1.00 contact hour. Program ID# 5855-EM.
The Annenberg Center for Health Sciences is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.
A maximum of 1.00 contact hour may be earned for successful completion of this activity.
Provider is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider #13664, for 1.00 contact hour.
To receive credit for education contact hours outside of the state of California, please check with your state board of registered nursing for reciprocity.
Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower is a Continuing Professional Education (CPE) Accredited Provider with the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR). Registered dietitians (RDs) and dietetic technicians, registered (DTRs) will receive 1.00 hour continuing professional education unit (CPEU) for completion of this program/material.
Provider Number AC857; Activity Number 155487.
Learners may submit additional evaluations of the quality of this program/material to

Additional Content Planners

Erin Allen, MS, RD, LDN (Dietitian Reviewer)
No significant relationships to disclose.

Victoria Anderson (Medical Writer)
  • Individual Stockholder
    • Abbott 
    • AbbVie

Eugene Cullen, MD (Peer Reviewer)
No significant relationships to disclose.

Heather M. Jimenez, FNP-C (Nurse Planner)
No significant relationships to disclose.

Annenberg Center for Health Sciences

All staff at the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower have no relevant commercial relationships to disclose.